Being the largest producer of Milk worldwide, India made output of 22% of the total world milk in 2018, says the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
People in India worship cow and call her ‘gaumata’ for being an all-purpose source of livelihood. Farmers keep cows and buffalos in a particular living environment, they take care of their grazing needs, time to time showering, and moreover treat them like a part of their family. Milk is their fundamental food product used as a daily protein diet.
In recent years, the Government of India has started paying extra attention to dairy management, how it functions and what all measures can provide better yield. The Union Agriculture Minister, Giriraj Singh remarked that about 80 million rural households engaged in dairy farming increased annual milk production by 6.4% in the last 4 years. With a quantitative increment in production, the question on the quality of milk produced still remains a matter of concern.
Basic Challenges India Faces at Various Stages of Dairy Management System
During milk production:
The process of milk produced is to date being supervised based on conventional dairy methods and whims. The usage of pesticides and fertilizers in fields has acutely impacted the fodder quality, animals are kept under unhealthy climatic conditions, put to longer inter calving periods, etc. and all of this is due to lack of right education and resources available for the farmers.
At the collection center:
Quality of milk collected from farmers is calculated manually, plus farmers are unaware of the market rates so they settle for less money in exchange for milk given to the collectors. In between this process of collection and its disposal at the collection center, milk is adulterated.
At the procurement center:
This leads to a great lapse in the arrival time of milk at the procurement center and also sometimes results in a total solid loss.
At the cold center:
Excess energy is consumed during chilling time as there is no regulative method to count upon. Plus, the chilling containers are not timely cleaned which degrades quality and henceforth whatever amount of milk left is then is mixed with urea and extra preservatives.
Truly Necessitated System to Synchronize the Process of Dairy Management
All of these challenges are giving a hard time to farmers, stakeholders involved in the process and consumers. These are the conditions that can be managed and resolved to get high-quality milk produced and bring the same quality to consumers.
An all-in-one solution is therefore needed to track faults in the dairy management system. Real-time smart monitoring is required to control the whole process from a centralized interface which may calculate, read, and track expected loopholes to offer instant solutions.
The Government of India is, therefore, shaking hands with the digital and smart technology service providers to reprimand the process of old age milk chain. Under the union budget of India, INR2,932.5 crores are allocated for updating schemes in the department of animal husbandry and dairying. The Government is all set to sign a pact with companies capable of offering desirable smart dairy management solutions.
Why Technologically Driven Solutions are Required
- To provide preventive animal health alerts, if they need checkup, vaccination, deworming, etc. and offer automated alerts to help reduce the inter calving period.
- Payment to farmers’ basis recorded data which will offer the right rates.
- To track the time, quality and quantity of milk transferred from collectors to a collection center to the procurement center to chilling center to the cold store, etc. via real-time sensors, GPS tools, and networking technology.
- An approach to real-time detection of all the stages right from milk’s production till its dispatch, determining excessive heat situations for animals, and worms if they latch any.
Here the Internet of things (IoT) plays an integral role in gathering all kinds of necessitated information. Analytical tools, sensors, and other variables along with high-end cloud-based technological solutions, wireless systems and monitoring of things work as important verticles. The end result of having a dairy management system is to bring everything in the right order to generate high-quality milk yield.
Technology is a Reliable Methodology to Fuel the Rural Economic Engine of India
New day technology is not only compatible with stages of the milk-chain process but it also creates self-motivated users who want to avail seamless and synchronized solutions. Milk dairy management system is a big opportunity for stakeholders to align with the government’s vision and with time it will lay a foundation for big data, AI, and machine learning departments which makes innovation like these possible. Technology will add value to an improperly managed ecosystem of the milk chain while opening a golden chance for seeking employment in rural India.